Jászkun Induló

Concert Band

Jászkun Induló
Jaszkun Indulo

Ungarischer Marsch

Traditional March, March
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The young promising regimental bandmaster Josef Müller (1821-1876) and his regiment, the Imperial-Royal Infantry Regiment No. 62 Johann August Freiherr von Turszky were stationed in the Hungarian capital Pest as of 1842. In his critical treatise “About the Regimental Bands in Hungary” by Josef Rudolf Sawerthal (Vienna, 1846), the latter states that Müller “…is a competent young man who is up to his job as regimental bandmaster, and he will certainly succeed in bringing his band on a par with the others.” The „Hungarian Struggle for Freedom 1848/49” which initially aimed at more statehood within the Austro-Hungarian monarchy began with the outbreak of revolutionary events in Pest on March 15, 1848. It expanded to become an all-out war, and eventually terminated with the surrender in April 1849 of the “Independent Hungarian Republic” as it was proclaimed only shortly before. The impressions caused by the revolutionary events, made Müller compose some five marches in Hungarian style and melody. The first one was the “Batthyány-March” which was followed by four more marches that were published as “Négy magyar-hadi indulók” (“Four Hungarian (War) Marches”). The works in question are the “Kossuth March”, the “Recruitment March”, “The Pest Volunteers” and “The March of the Mowers of Jász-kun”. It is interesting to note that regimental bandmaster Müller did not have to face a charge for revolutionary activities, as the regimental headquarters and the band deployed to Graz in February 1849, and finally moved on to Italy from that location. Consequently they were no longer stationed on Hungarian soil during the decisive period of the Hungarian struggle for freedom. For historic reasons the title of the march “Jász-kun kaszas induló” should be correctly translated by “March of the Jász-kun Scythe Men”. The contingent formed in the Jassic and Cuman District – it is situated along the Tisza with the city of Szolnok as its center - as a result of Kossuth’s call-to-arms was referred to as Jassic and Cuman scythe men, as its members were armed with lance-shaped war-scythes; it had stood out for bravery in previous campaigns using such arms. The close association of Josef Müller’s marches with the Hungarian revolution of 1848/49 had a direct impact on their use as marches for the army, as they were not performed by the regular bands of the Imperial (and) Royal Army. It was not before 1896 when the Royal Hungarian Honvéd (Territorial Army) was established that they became part of the band repertory.

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